In reality, the one-child policy applies to only 35% of Chinese due to various exceptions to the policy (Hays). Those who must comply with the policy are limited to only one child. The government sponsors the use of contraceptives, abortion and sterilization and offers economic incentives to enforce the policy. The methods used to implement the policy can vary from region to region and especially in urban and rural areas (Chang). In rural areas for example, the policy is enforced through family planning officials (Hays). However, some of the methods the officials use are “violent and coercive” (Chang). The officials are punished for “failing to enforce the policy not for violating women" (Mosher). Those affected by the one-child policy are compelled by the government to limit their family size.
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